Organic Chemistry lessons are now available as individual lesson
here for more information!
Chemistry (version 2.01) is a complete, college-level course
delivered in a learner-centered approach that includes videos, verbal,
and narrative format with appropriate animations. The presentation
is delivered on an eight CD set (Windows*and newer MACs with Microsoft
Office compatibility) and on a sixteen DVD set (for DVD equipped
computers and DVD players with televisions). Organic Chemistry is
designed to support any two-semester organic chemistry textbook.
Students may progress at their own pace and review topics as often
as they like. The revised version of the course is now available
on CDs and DVDs.
is new about version 2.01:
Several terms have been updated:
- Revisions have been introduced to some of the nomenclature rules
- Zaitsev has been introduced and is noted parenthetically to the older Saytzeff
- A transition is being made from the older calorie and kcal to Joules and kJ with both being shown as the energy units in order to follow the general chemistry lines
- The concept of the stereogenic center or stereocenter to be used along with chiral carbons is introduced
- Enantioselective synthesis favoring formation of a single stereoisomer (Noyori and Knowles) is included
- An introduction to FTIR is found in the IR unit
- Fullerenes have been added to the aromatics
- Prions are discussed in the protein unit
System Requirements - Microsoft Windows, 700MHz, 256 MB RAM
Introduction to Organic Chemistry
to Organic Chemistry addresses the concept of organic chemistry
and a review of selected studies normally found in the freshman
chemistry course. These topics include bonding, polarity, Lewis
dot structures, formal charges, methods of writing organic structures,
isomers, acid-base theories, and empirical and molecular formula
of Organic Molecules
of Organic Molecules addresses the nature and importance of sigma
and pi bonds, hybridization, forces of attraction, solubility influences,
and classification of compounds. (more)
begin the study of the first homologous group and addresses nomenclature
(including cyclics and bicyclics), physical properties, reactions,
Baeyer Strain theory, types of isomers, and conformations.
Reactions introduces the nature of free-radical reactions and addresses
such topics as chlorination, bromination, energy factors, the Hammond
Postulate, isotopic effects, and other reactive intermediates.
addresses the characteristics of the chiral carbon, the concept
of polarimetry, assigning configurations, the nature of the racemic
mixture, molecules with multiple chiral carbons, resolving a racemic
modification, and reactions generating asymmetric centers.
Halides introduces the structure of the halogenated hydrocarbons,
their common uses, nomenclature, physical properties, preparations,
and reactions. It is in this unit that the concept of devising syntheses
is introduced. (more)
I is the first of a two-part study of the compounds containing a
double bond. It addresses the structure of alkenes, degrees of unsaturation,
nomenclature, the physical properties of these compounds, the nature
of the carbocation, and alkene preparations. (more)
II continues the study of the hydrocarbons containing a double bond.
Topics addressed in this unit include structure and bonding, reactions
at the double bond and near the double bond, polymers and polymerization,
stereochemical aspects of alkenes, and chemical analysis.
introduces the student to the second type of unsaturation, the triple
bond. The unit on alkynes addresses the structure around this functional
group, nomenclature, physical properties, preparations, reactions,
and analysis. (more)
I is the first of a two part study of compounds containing the OH
functional group. It includes structure and naming of alcohols,
common alcohols and their usage, physical properties and preparations
of alcohols. A section addressing thiols is included.
II continues the study of this class of compounds and includes an
extensive list of alcohol reactions and analysis. A section addressing
balancing organic oxidation-reduction reaction techniques is included.
vs. Elimination Reactions
vs. Elimination Reactions is addressed at different points in different
textbooks. By moving this to its own section, the topic may be placed
at virtually any point in the study of organic chemistry. The unit
addresses commonly used terms, SN2 and SN1 reactions, E1 and E2
reactions, and competition among these types of reactions. Other
related reactions are also studied. (more)
Spectroscopy addresses an overview of the electromagnetic spectrum,
particularly that portion utilized in most IRs. It includes a study
of molecular vibrations, areas of the spectrum, and techniques used
in reading an IR. (more)
Spectrometry is introduced in this unit. Instrumentation, fragmentation
patterns, isotopic influence, and identification techniques are
or Proton NMR
or Proton NMR is addressed in a series of topics including an overview,
the number and position of signals, utilization of peak areas, splitting
of signals, the coupling constant, and reading the NMR.
or C-13 NMR
or C-13 NMR covers comparison to the HNMR, number of peaks, chemical
shifts, splitting of signals, and interpretation of spectra.
Epoxides, and Thioethers
Epoxides, and Thioethers addresses the typical topics of structure,
nomenclature, physical properties, preparations, reactions, and
chemical analysis. A unit addressing thioethers is included.
Systems is often combined with some other chapter in textbooks,
but is treated separately, here. This allows for its placement at
any point needed. The topics addressed are types of unsaturated
systems, preparations of conjugated systems, as well as reactions,
the impact of conditions, and the molecular orbital picture.
I is the first of a two part introduction to the study of aromatic
compounds. This first unit addresses the historical perspectives,
the elucidation of benzene’s structure, standards for aromaticity,
and nomenclature. (more)
II continues the study by addressing monosubstitution reactions,
disubstitution reactions specifically addressing the nature of the
ortho/para and meta directors, and other reactions. Included in
this study is benzyne, preparations and reactions of arenes. A section
addressing UV-VIS spectra is included. (more)
covers naming these compounds, physical properties, preparations,
reactions, and chemical and spectroscopic analysis.
and Ketones addresses carbonyl structure, nomenclature, and physical
properties of these two related families. In a special topics section,
the characteristics and usage of some of the small aldehydes and
ketones are addressed. Preparation of aldehydes and ketones, their
reactions, and chemical and spectroscopic analysis are also included.
introduces the first of the nitrogen-containing groups. In this
unit structure, nomenclature, physical properties, preparations,
reactions, and both chemical and spectroscopic analysis are included.
Acids addresses the usual topics covered in the introduction of
a new family: structure, common and formal nomenclature, physical
properties, preparations, reactions, chemical and spectroscopic
analysis. Characteristics and nomenclature of salts is included.
Derivatives introduces five classes of organic compounds: acid chlorides,
amides, acid anhydrides, esters, and nitriles. The structure, preparation,
and reactions of these five are studied, as well as chemical and
spectroscopic analysis. The unit concludes with presentation of
the organic group nomenclature priorities. (more)
introduces the characteristic reactions occurring at the alpha hydrogen
of carbonyls. Reactions studied include bromination, aldol and crossed
aldol condensation, the Cannizzaro reaction, the Wittig reaction,
the Claisen and crossed Claisen reactions, the malonic ester synthesis,
and the acetoacetic ester synthesis. (more)
introduces the organic student to the classification of these compounds.
Also included are cyclic structures, D & L, d & l designations,
reducing sugars, reactions, polysaccharides, and a brief overview
of tooth decay. (more)
Acids and Proteins
Acids and Proteins describes the amino acid structure and preparations,
as well as the isoelectric pH and electrophoresis. Formation of
proteins, protein structure, sequencing proteins, detection and
denaturation of proteins are also addressed.
is a brief unit addressing classification and characteristics of
the major groups: fatty acids, glycerides, non-glyderide lipids,
and complex lipids. Steroid structure is included.
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